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Understanding Humanitarian Action In South East Asia (2)

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Like East Asia, communitarianism serves as a fundamental trait of Southeast Asian understandings of humanitarian obligation. However, this responsibility tends not to be conceived in a vertical or ‘top-down’ fashion, as seen in East Asian societies, where the primary duty to act rests with the ruling elites and the state. Rather, the imperative to help others in need within the Southeast Asian context tends to be couched more in horizontal terms, based on personal relationships and religious beliefs. For instance, with Buddhism as the national religion, Thai society is founded upon a strong belief in karma (or dhamma), compassion (metta) and benevolence (garuna) (Kumar, 2001). Even the Thai translation of ‘humanitarianism’ – manudsaya-dhamma – is culturally and religiously loaded, as it refers to the ethics that underlie human relations and stems from an understanding of the Brahmavihara, comprising the four Buddhist virtues of benevolence, compassion, empathetic joy and equanimity. Likewise, in Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar Buddhism has had a profound influence on people’s humanitarian outlook. According to a Thai government official at the time, Thailand’s relatively ‘open’ attitude toward Indochinese refugees in the 1970s was purportedly because ‘We’re a Buddhist county and must abide by Buddhist precepts. We have a long tradition of helping refugeess’ (Comptroller General, 1979: 4). Thus, whereas Confucianism is based on a ‘negative’ understanding of reciprocity (i.e. ‘do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you’), Buddhism is grounded in a more ‘positive’ understanding, epitomised in the popular Thai adage of ‘doing good as bringing forth goodness and doing evil as bringing forth evil’ (tumdee daidee, tumchua daichua).

Similarly, for the predominantly Islamic societies of Indonesia and Malaysia, ‘religious constructions of philanthropy’ are reflected in societal ‘patterns of giving’ (Fernandez, 2009: 26). In Indonesia, where Islamic philanthropy was introduced as early as the fifteenth century and Catholic philanthropy in the early nineteenth century, various forms of giving take place on a personal level as well as through religious charities and faith organisations. In such societies, where faith has an almost omnipresent role, charitable giving – as expressed through zakat (obligatory giving as required by Islamic sharia law), sedekah (‘spontaneous’ charitable gifts that can come in the form of money or volunteering) and wakaf (voluntary gifts of land or property to be used for mosques, pondoks1 and the like) – amounts to the realisation of one’s religious obligations. As is likewise the case for humanitarian action in China and Japan, the line separating humanitarian charity and duty in Southeast Asia is far from clear-cut.

With regard to the coordination of humanitarian activities, the state undoubtedly remains an extremely important actor in Southeast Asia, especially in countries such as the Philippines and Indonesia, whose distinctive geographical features and susceptibility to natural disasters render centralised response mechanisms necessary. But just as the state is of paramount importance to the

effective delivery of humanitarian assistance, so it can also work to frustrate such efforts, owing to political interests and the lack of transparency characteristic of Southeast Asian governments. During the Cambodian refugee crisis in the late 1970s, for instance, the Thai government was accused of placing political interest over humanitarian imperatives by providing assistance to Khmer Rouge ‘refugees’ in the wake of the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia in 1978, and the toppling of the Khmer Rouge (see Terry, 2002). Concerns that the collapse of the Khmer Rouge would mean communist control of Cambodia prompted the Thai government to announce an ‘open door’ policy, supported by pledges from Western countries – notably the United States – to provide further humanitarian assistance. Effectively allowing the Khmer Rouge to recuperate and regain strength in holding centres in Thailand led many to criticise the Thai government for tacitly assisting a regime responsible for severe human abuses, instead of focusing humanitarian efforts on

those suffering inside Cambodia itself. More recently, humanitarian relief operations in Southeast Asia have been conducted with an increased degree of autonomy from the state. Here, the roles played by external donors, national media, civil society organisations, religious charities and institutions, as well as the private sector, are proving critical – in certain cases, more so than governments themselves – in providing assistance and mobilising volunteer services. In the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in March 2011, for instance, the Thai government was strongly criticised in the country’s media on the grounds that its contribution to the response – five million baht (equivalent to approximately $170,000) in assistance, plus relief supplies – was too small. A nationwide campaign spearheaded by the country’s major media outlets, private businesses and banks, as well as charitable organisations such as the Thai Red Cross, raised funds from Thai society to assist in Japanese relief efforts, with donations totalling over 400m baht (Watcharasakwet, Hookway and Yuniar, 2011). Similar fundraising activities took place following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and in the wake of floods in Thailand in 2011. In Vietnam, the Vietnamese Red Cross Society also played a key role in raising funds to send to Japan. A similar pattern is emerging in Indonesia, which has experienced a surge in humanitarian activism at the local level, as humanitarian assistance is increasingly provided.()

by Pichamon Yeophantong

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SEAHUM Committe : Indonesia Perlu UU yang Atur Pencari Suaka

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Tuesday, May 19th, 2015

JAKARTA – Kabar duka mengenai ratusan Rohingya yang kembali terdampar di Aceh dan Medan dalam rentan waktu yang hampir bersamaan memunculkan keperihatinan sejumlah Lembaga Kemanusiaan yang tergabung dalam South East Asia Humanitarian Committe (“SEAHUM”) Chapter Indonesia.

Keprihatinan muncul tidak hanya terkait isu yang saat ini sedang ramai diberitakan di media-media, dimana Indonesia dikabarkan menolak dan mengusir balik perahu-perahu Rohingya keluar dari perairan Indonesia, namun juga terkait isu penanganan Rohingya sebagai pencari suaka yang terdampar di Indonesia.

SEAHUM Chapter Indonesia, yang terdiri dari Lembaga Kemanusiaan Nasional PKPU, Rumah Zakat, Dompet Dhuafa, Aksi Cepat Tanggap, Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia, SNH Advocacy Center, dan PAHAM Indonesia, mengatakan bahwa Indonesia belum memiliki undang-undang yang secara sui generis mengatur mengenai penanganan pencari suaka di Indonesia.

Akibatnya  penanganannya masih bergantung pada ketentuan yang diatur di dalam UU No.6 Tahun 2011 tentang Keimigrasian.

“Imbasnya di lapangan, penanganan Rohingya di Indonesia sifatnya parsial, tergantung dari kebijakan pemerintah daerah dimana Rohingya tersebut ditampung,”  ujar Presiden SEAHUM, Agung Notowiguno di Jakarta, Selasa (19/5/2015).

Dikatakannya, perlakuan dari Pemerintah Daerah terhadap Rohingya sangat baik. Mereka diperlakukan seperti layaknya manusia, diberi tempat penampungan, dan disediakan dapur umum untuk kebutuhan logistik.

“Mereka  juga menyediakan fasilitas kesehatan untuk Rohingya sehingga membuktikan  masyarakat Indonesia peduli akan nasib Rohingya,” katanya.

Kondisi ini merupakan sebuah anomali, dimana rezim undang-undang keimigrasian kita memperlakukan Rohingya sama seperti imigran gelap, sementara pemimpin daerah dan masyarakatnya memperlakukan Rohingya seperti saudara.

“Sudah sepantasnya pemerintah daerah yang peduli nasib Rohingya diberikan apreasiasi yang tinggi,” tegasnya.

Pemerintah Daerah sebut Agung  mempunyai keterbatasan-keterbatasan dalam memberikan bantuannya kepada Rohingya.

Untuk itu, sangat diperlukan sinergitas antara semua komponen masyarakat Indonesia untuk turut serta membantu Rohingya atas nama kemanusiaan. Ia berharap seluruh masyarakat Indonesia terketuk hatinya untuk membantu Rohingya.

Ketika ditanyakan lebih lanjut mengenai langkah strategis apa yang akan dilakukan SEAHUM ke depan selain memberikan bantuan kemanusiaan, Agung menjawab bahwa isu Rohingya ini akan menjadi materi utama pembahasan dalam perhelatan SEAHUM 2nd Annual General Meeting di Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia pada tanggal 21- 22 Mei 2015.

“Semoga acara yang akan dihadiri oleh lembaga kemanusiaan dari negara-negara se- Asia Tenggara ini dapat menelurkan solusi-solusi nyata untuk Rohingya”, pungkasnya.(PKPU/HA/kis)

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PKPU Continues with the Humanitarian Mission for Rohingya

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14 May 2014

JAKARTA – PKPU National Humanitarian Foundation and Dompet Dhuafa as members of SEAHUM (South East Asia Humanitarian Committee) in Indonesia conducted a humanitarian dialog at Gran Alia Hotel, Jakarta, Tuesday (13/5/2014).

The dialog was attended by the members of HFI (Humanitarian Forum Indonesia) and representatives of different religions in order to get the updates on the condition in Myanmar.

“(It is) especially on the current problems and resources, sharing the learning experience on the humanitarian activities that have been conducted in Myanmar, “ said Agung Notowiguno, President of SEAHUM Committee, Tuesday.

The dialog aims at synergyzing the attitude and perception towards the humanitarian crisis in Myanmar, and finding solutions. The speakers were Muhammad A.S. Hikam, MA., APU, Muhammad Kaimudin (PKPU), Imam Akbari (ACT), Sabeth Abilawa (Dompet Dhuafa), Muhammad Ziyad (Muhammadiyah) and Father Albertus Patty (GKI). At this event Muhammad Kaimudin preented the updates on the current situation in Myanmar.

Since September 2012 until March 2014 PKPU has conducted 11 mission of humanitarian aid to Rohingya. “We have distributed basic aid for the refugees of Rohingya, from shelters, clean water, and food,” said Kaimudin.

“With this humanitarian dialog for Myanmar we should be able to get the inputs and ideas on the perfect formula to help the survivors in Rohingya, Myanmar, “ he added.

The humaniatarian tragedy in Myanmar has lasted for almost 2 years since it started in June 2012. It occured in the state of Arakan, Myanmar. This conflict has extended to humanitarian issues that require International response and aid.

The communal impact of that crisis is 70 casualties, 3000 damaged buildings, and almost 6000 people lost their place of living. The majority of them is of Rohingya ethnic group. Infrastructures like masjid, houses, and schools are destroyed.

Source: Sasak.net

People of SEAHUM started to gather at HI Roundabout, “Step Down Asisi, We Support Mursi.”

Friday, 9 Syawal 1434/16 August 2013 14:06

The moslems in Indonesia were showing their concern on the situation in Egypt, today in Jakarta. Friday afternoon (16/8), hundreds of people from South East Asia Humanitarian Committee (SEAHUM) filled the HI roundabout, Jakarta.

SEAHUM consists of several humanitarian institutions, among others are, Aksi Cepat Tanggap, Dompet Dhuafa, Pos Keadilan Peduli Umat, Yayasan Dana Sosial Al-Falah, and others.

People continued to yell,  “Step Down Asisi, We Support Mursi.”

“Today’s action is one of the ways to show our concern on the humanitarian tragedy in Egypt,” explained the orator of SEAHUM.

Post the oration at HI roundabout, SEAHUM continued with their action to the office of UN with a purpose to demand the world insitution to drag General As Sisi to the International Criminal Court. {Fq/Islampos}

Prihatin Tragedi Myanmar, Relawan Asia Tenggara Bentuk Komite

 

5 Oktober 2012 10:28

JAKARTA – Lembaga-lembaga kemanusiaan di kawasan Asia Tenggara membentuk Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committe (SEAHum) atau Komite Asia Tenggara untuk kemanusiaan. Komite ini untuk memaksimalkan bantuan kemanusiaan di wilayah konflik atau bencana alam.

“Selama ini bantuan terkadang tumpang tindih dan kurang tepat sasaran. Terkadang pula tidak disertai dengan kelanjutan dari bantuan yang sudah diberikan. Dengan dibentuknya komite ini, kemanfaatan penerima bantuan menjadi lebih luas,” kata Presiden Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee Agung Notowiguno, dalam keterangan tertulisnya yang diterima Okezone, di Jakarta, Jumat (5/10/2012).

Dijelaskannya, dibentuknya komite ini juga bukan karena adanya sentimen negatif terhadap agama tertentu, meski pada awalnya memang berangkat dari keprihatinan atas tragedi kemanusiaan di Myanmar.

“Kita bergerak pada program kemanusiaan yang lebih luas, yang humanitarian, yang general,” tandas pimpinan PKPU ini, dalam  1st Workshop Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committe, yang dihadiri lembaga kemanusiaan seperti Dompet Dhuafa, PKPU, Rumah Zakat, ACT, PAHAM Indonesia, PAHAM Jakarta, DDIL, serta pimpinan IKRAM dari Malaysia.

Wakil Presiden SEAHum Committee Muhammad Thoriq Helmi menambahkan, komite yang beranggotakan lembaga kemanusiaan Asean ini, kini tengah menyusun program kerja. “Bukti nyata dari sebuah komitmen kemanusiaan adalah aksi nyata. Aksi nyata harus dimulai sebuah program kerja yang tepat efisien, dan professional,” tegasnya.

Dikatakan, masing-masing lembaga kemanusian memiliki kekuatan sendiri-sendiri. Ada yang tangguh dalam pembagian zakat, ada yang solid dalam bidang rescue, ada juga yang kuat di bidang pendidikan dan sosial. Jika kekuatan-kekuatan itu disinergikan, diharapkan masalah-masalah kemanusian akan semakin cepat teratasi.

“Kerja berjamaah kan lebih bagus daripada kerja sendiri-sendiri. Harus diingat pula, masalah yang terjadi di suatu negara, negara lain juga akan merasakan hal yang sama,” tandas pimpinan Dompet Dhuafa ini.

Selain program kerja, rapat kerja ini juga diharapkan sebagai pintu koordinasi dan kerjasama antarlembaga kemanusiaan yang ada di Asia Tenggara. Bertambah pula anggota-anggota baru dalam komite yang baru dibentuk ini. Pada pertemuan sebelumnya telah dibentuk susunan Dewan Pimpinan Southeast Asia Humanitariaan Committee yang diketuai Ismail Agus Said dari Dompet Dhuafa. (AUL)

Sumber: international.okezone.com, Jumat, 05 Oktober 2012

1 st Workshop Southeast Asia Humanitarian Commmitte TAK SEKEDAR RETORIKA

3 Oktober 2012 16:04

JAKARTA – Bukti nyata dari sebuah komitmen kemanusiaan adalah aksi nyata. Aksi nyata harus dimulai sebuah program kerja yang tepat efisien, dan professional. Sebab itu, menindaklanjuti pertemuan ke 3 Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee atau Komite Asia Tenggara untuk Kemanusiaan yang diselenggarakan di kantor PKPU, Rabu (19/9/2012) yang lalu, maka diselenggarakan “1st Worshop Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee di Hotel Gren Alia, Cikini Jakarta, 3-4 Oktober 2012”.

Hadir dalam workshop tersebut para pimpinan lembaga-lembaga kemanusiaan seperti PKPU, Dompet Dhuafa, Rumah Zakat, ACT, PAHAM Indonesia, PAHAM Jakarta, DDIL. Turut hadir juga pimpinan IKRAM dari Malaysia.

Workshop ini dimaksudkan untuk menyusun program kerja Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee untuk dua tahun ke depan. Pijakan awalnya berangkat dari keprihatinan dan respon kejadian kemanusiaan yang terjadi saat ini di Myanmar. Sebuah bentuk pelanggaran hak asasi manusia terjadi di kawasan Asia Tenggara.

Keprihatinan dan dorongan yang kuat untuk melakukan sesuatu yang berdaya terhadap apa yang menimpa umat manusia di Myanmar ini, dan yang mungkin terjadi di tempat lain perlu disikapi dengan sebuah program kerja yang terencana.

Selain program kerja, rapat kerja ini juga diharapkan sebagai pintu koordinasi dan kerjasama antar lembaga kemanusiaan yang ada di Asia Tenggara. Juga diharapkan bertambahnya anggota-anggota baru dalam komite yang baru dibentuk ini. Rapat kerja ini, juga diharapkan menjadi fondasi yang kuat, sebagai sebuah lembaga di Asia Tenggara.

Pada pertemuan sebelumnya telah dibentuk susunan dewan pimpinan Southeast Asia Humanitariaan Committee yang diketuai oleh Ismail Agus Said dari Dompet Dhuafa.  Sedangkan terpilih sebagai Presiden Eksekutif Komite, Agung Notowiguno dari PKPU. Sedangkan terpilih sebagai wakil presiden komite Muhammad Thoriq dari dompet dhuafa.

Terdapat lima divisi di dalam komite ini, yaitu: Network and Relationship, dimana Wan Yusof (IKRAM) menjadi koordinatornya. Divisi Program Synergy, dengan Koordinator, Imam Akbari (ACT). Sedangkan divisi Capacity Building, Heny Widiastuti (Rumah Zakat). Kesekretariatan, Suharyanto (PKPU) menjadi koordinatornya.

Workshop ini masih akan berlanjut hingga esok hari, Kamis (4/10/2012), yang akan menghadirkan diskusi panel dan presentasi program kerja SeaHum Committee tahun 2012-2014. Harapan dan doa, dan komitmen nyata, semoga menyertai tugas kemanusiaan, yang tidak ringan ini.

(PKPU/Rahma Damayanty/DRM/Jakarta)

 

2nd Humanitarian Organization Meeting “BERGERAK DEMI KEBAJIKAN BERSAMA”

 

Jakarta.  Menindaklanjuti pertemuan Southeast Asia Humanitarian Meeting on Rohingya Crisis, di Hotel Betawi Sofyan, Jakarta (10/8) yang lalu, sejumlah lembaga yang bersepakat untuk mewujudkan rencana aksi.  Salah satu hasil pertemuan tersebut, menunjuk Indonesia menjadi coordinator komite kemanusiaan Asia Tenggara.  Terkait hal itu, diselenggarakan “2nd Humanitarian Organization Meeting” yang akan memilih presiden komite.  Pertemuan ini dilaksanakan padahari ini, Selasa, 4 September di kantor PKPU Pusat, Jakarta.  Pertemuaan tersebut dihadiri oleh sejumlah pimpinan dari beberapa lembaga kemanusiaan, seperti: Dompet Dhuafa, PKPU, Rumah Zakat, ACT, dan YDSF.

 

Pertemuan ini menghasilkan beberapa kesepakatan, antara lain, terbentuknya Kepengurusan Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee dan Board of Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee.   Terpilih sebagai Presiden Komite, Agung Notowiguno. Sedangkan, Dewan Lembaga Kemanusiaan Asia Tenggara (Board of South East Asia Humanitarian Committee) yang dipimpin oleh Ismail A. Said.  Dewan ini beranggotakan,  Suryama M. Sastra (PKPU) ,  Ahyudin (ACT) , Nur Efendi (Rumah Zakat) , Jauhari Sani (YDSF), serta anggota lain dari Dewan Dakwah Indonesia, DPU DT, MERCY Malaysia, IKRAM Malaysia, HALUAN Malaysia, AMMAN Thailand

 

Agung Notowiguno dalam sambutannya selepas terpilih menjadi Presiden Komite menyatakan, bahwa komite ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kegiatan kebajikan bersama secara strategis, yang menjadi jembatan komunikasi dan kegiatan bersama dalam merespon isu-isu kemanusiaan di tingkat regional.

 

(Rahma Damayanty/DRM/Jakarta)

SEAHUM Established to Maximize the Benefit of Humanitarian Aid

Friday, 5 October 2012 15:52 WIB

TRIBUNNEWS.COM JAKARTA – Humanitarian institutions in the Southeast Asian region established Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee (SEAHum). This committe aims at maximizing aid for areas of conflict and natural disaster.

“So far the aid is often overlapping and not well targeted. It also happens that sometimes the aid given is not completed with the follow-up. This committee should work towards better and wider benefit of the aid, “ said Agung Notowiguno, President of Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee, Thursday (4/10/2012) in Jakarta.

Agung also said that establishing this committe iss also as a result of a negative sentiment towards certain religion, eventhough, it was initially caused by the concern on the humanitarian tragedy in Myanmar.

“We move in a wider areas of humanitatrian programs, more general,” said Agung who is also the President of PKPU, during the break at 1st Workshop of Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee that was attended by several humanitarian institutions like Dompet Dhuafa, PKPU, Rumah Zakat, ACT, PAHAM Indonesia, PAHAM Jakarta, DDIL, and the Head of IKRAM from Malaysia.

Vice President of SEAHum Committee, Muhammad Thoriq Helmi added that the committee that consists of Asean humanitarian institutions is now preparing work program.

“The proof of the commitment to humanity is real action. Real action must be started with an efficient, well-targeted, and professional work plan,”’ he said.

He also explained that each insitution has its own strength. One is strong in fund raising, another is solid in the field of rescue, and another has strong education and social programs. If those strengths are synergized then we can expect to have more immediate solution to humanitarian issues.

“To work together is better than to work individually. We also must remember that a problem occuring in one country might be experienced by other countries, “ said the leader of Dompet Dhuafa.

In addition to preparing work program, this meeting was expected to become the coordination and cooperation gateway among humanitarian institutions in Southeast Asia. There are some new members in this newly-established committee.

In the previous meeting the Board of Directors for Southeast Asia Humaniatrian Committee was established with the elected president Ismail Agus said from Dompet Dhuafa.

Written by Budi Prasetyo.

MORE THAN JUST A RHETORIC

Wednesday, October 3rd, 2012

JAKARTA – The real proof of a commitment towards humanity is real action. Real action must be started with an efficient, well-targeted, and professional work plan. Therefore, following-up the 3rd meeting of Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee at PKPU office, Wednesday (19/9/2012), the “1st Workshop Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee at Hotel Gran Alia, Cikini, Jakarta, 3 -4 October 2012” is held.

The workshop is attended by leaders of humanitarian institutions like Dompet Dhuafa, PKPU, Rumah Zakat, ACT, PAHAM Indonesia, PAHAM Jakarta, DDIL, and the Head of IKRAM from Malaysia.

The workshop aims at preparing work program of SEAHum Committee for the next two years. The starting point is the concern on the humanitarian tragedy happening in Myanmar. It is a violation on human rights occuring in Southeast Asia.

In addition to preparing work program, this meeting is expected to become the coordination and cooperation gateway among humanitarian institutions in Southeast Asia. And it is expected that there will be some new members in this newly-established committee. This workshop should also become a strong foundation for SEAHum as an organization in Southeast Asia.

In the previous meeting the Board of Directors for Southeast Asia Humaniatrian Committee was established with the elected president Ismail Agus said from Dompet Dhuafa. The elected President of Executive Comittee is Agung Notowiguno from PKPU. The Vice President of the Committee is Muhammad Thoriq from Dompet Dhuafa.

There are five divisions in this committee, which are: Network and Relationship, withWan Yusof (IKRAM) as the coordinator. Program Synergy, with Imam Akbari (ACT) as the coordinator, Capacity Building, with Heny Widiastuti (Rumah Zakat) as the coordinator, and Secretariate with Suharyanto (PKPU) as the coordinator.

The workshop continues to the following day, Thursday, (4/10/2012), with panel discussion and presentation of SEAHum Committe work program for 2012-1014. Hopes and prayers, and real commitment, may always accompany this humanitarian duty, which is far from easy. (PKPU/Rahma Damayanty/DRM/Jakarta)

seahum

History of SEAHUM

Starting from a concern and caring to the magnitude of poverty and increasing human conflicts in the ASEAN, then some of the Indonesian Humanitarian Agencies, PKPU, Dompet Dhuafa and RZ initiated a meeting and coordination of humanitarian agencies in Indonesia and Malaysia on August 12nd, 2012. The meeting discussed how to find a model of cooperation among humanitarian agencies to take part in helping the victims of human conflict and the problem of poverty that occurred in the region. Simultaneously, there is an inter-ethnic conflict in Myanmar. This meeting was attended by 10 humanitarian organizations from Indonesia, Malaysia and Bangladesh and brought out “Jakarta Declaration Southeast Asia Meeting on Rohingya Crisis

To strengthen cooperation among humanitarian agencies in the region then embody a relation as The Southeast Asia Humanitarian Committee